Borneo’s rainforests are considered to be amongst the most biologically diverse ecosystems on the planet and store vast amounts of carbon dioxide.

They are home to thousands of species that are found nowhere else in the world. The loss of these forests through continuing deforestation would mean the loss of unique species.

It is estimated that Borneo’s rainforest supports 6,000 plants, 44 mammals, 46 birds and 19 amphibian and fish species that are found nowhere else in the world. New species are continuously being discovered by scientists on the island. Between 1995 and 2010 more than 600 species were discovered - that is 3 species each month.

This biodiversity holds immeasurable potential. Humans use at least 40,000 species of plants and animals on a daily basis for food, shelter, clothing and medicinal needs, and many pharmaceuticals developed are either based on, or synthesized from, natural compounds found in plants, animals or microorganisms.

Borneo’s tropical rainforests and climate provide the ideal conditions for a wide variety of species to thrive. For example Dipterocarp trees hold the greatest insect diversity on Borneo - as many as 1,000 species have been found in just one tree.

Rainforests are valuable for many reasons: regulating water flow, preventing floods and landslides, storing large amounts of carbon and providing habitat for endangered species.

Conservation activities
Endangered wildlife